Scientists established a novel prediction tool for the very early onset colorectal cancer

The Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University

In contrast to the declining incidence in older populations, the incidence of very early onset colorectal cancer (VEO-CRC) patients aged 40 years or less has been rising in many parts of the world. Thus, it is clinically important to establish a strong prediction model that can accurately predict the survival time of VEO-CRC patients by taking into account a wide range of prognostic factors. Researchers from The Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University established prediction models of patients with VEO-CRC, for both overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS).

The study gathered a total of 3061 VEO-CRC patients for the development and verification of the nomogram – a two-dimensional diagram. Scientists discovered clinical variables associated with survival in VEO-CRC and then established a comprehensive and accurate nomogram to predict the OS and CSS prognosis of patients. Compared with the other two cancer staging systems, the nomogram exhibited superior predictive performance.

By establishing and validated a simple-to-use nomogram, it is possible to evaluate the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS and CSS prognosis, and this tool may be utilized to assist clinicians in optimizing individualized treatment plans for VEO-CRC patients.

與老年人群發病率下降形成鮮明對比的是,在世界許多地區,40 歲或以下的極早發性結直腸癌 (VEO-CRC) 患者的發病率一直在上升。因此,建立一個強大的預測模型,通過考慮廣泛的預後因素,準確預測 VEO-CRC 患者的生存時間,在臨床上具有重要意義。福建醫科大學第二附屬醫院的研究人員建立了VEO-CRC患者的總生存期(OS)和癌症特異性生存期(CSS)的預測模型。

該研究共收集了 3061 名 VEO-CRC 患者,用於開發和驗證列線圖 – 一個二維圖。科學家們發現了與 VEO-CRC 生存相關的臨床變量,然後建立了一個全面準確的列線圖來預測患者的 OS 和 CSS 預後。與其他兩種癌症分期系統相比,列線圖表現出優越的預測性能。

通過建立和驗證簡單易用的列線圖,可以評估 1 年、3 年和 5 年 OS 和 CSS 預後,該工具可用於幫助臨床醫生優化 VEO-CRC 的個體化治療計劃耐心。

 

Reference:Dong B, Chen Y, Lyu G. Prognostic nomograms for predicting overall survival and cancer-specific survival of patients with very early onset colorectal cancer: a population‑based analysis. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2022Mar.27 [cited 2022Apr.8];. Available from: https://www.bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/7035.

Editor: Merima Bukva, MPharm

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