Examples of mutations of the DMD gene and their consequences on the production of dystrophin and the corresponding phenotypes. The boxes represent exons. Right faces of boxes indicate that the exon codes for an entire protein sequence based on 3-bases codons (examples: exons 47, 48, 49). Curved faces indicate that the exon does not code for an entire protein sequence but that either the first or the last bases need the preceding or following exon to code a full 3-bases codon (examples: exons 50, 51, 52). BMD for Becker muscular dystrophy; DMD for Duchenne muscular dystrophy.